NO! In an efforts to make the application process easier, federal agencies must now accept resumes, and may not require any additional information from applicants. The good news is that it does make it easier...but the really bad news is that you have far less chance of getting hired if all you submit is a resume. Sorry...sad, but true.
Keep in mind that ONE person in the agency HR office is reviewing ALL of the resumes for the job for which you are applying. That one person might have 300, might have 600 resumes to review...AND he/she has a short timeframe by which the review must be completed. The first step is to rule out all of the applicants who do not appear to be qualified.
How is that done? The vacancy announcement lists the "minimal qualification requirements". The agency staff person looks at your resume to see if you have indicated anywhere in your resume information that shows that you meet the required minimum qualifications.
That's Step 1.
If it is determined that you meet the minimum qualifications, then a review is determined to see if you are "minimally" qualified or "highly" qualified. Some agencies have three buckets: minimally qualified - highly qualified - best qualified. These determinations are based on your application and how well it addresses the assessment tools (often the KSAs or knowledge, skills and abilities).
The agency can NOT require you to address these - but they still need the information! SO, it either has to be included within the body of your resume (making your resume far too long) OR you must address each of the requirements - in order to ensure you make the cut.
Contact me for assistance - Click on Applicant Services and Fees for a breakdown of my services and related fees.
I can develop a professional resume that highlights your highest level of skill and experience, AND I can develop an addendum that addresses both the minimum qualification requirements AND the KSAs.
I can do the work for you for the first job - and you can use that work as a guide to developing the entire application yourself for future jobs.